EEZ Each coastal country elongated up to 200 nautical miles (370km) from the coast and the country in question has exclusive rights for all resources in water, including oil, natural gas, and fish.
In a movement that has the potential to trigger diplomatic lines, the US Navy has announced that it affirms the rights of navigation and freedom in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) without seeking previous approval in India.
“The operation of the freedom of freedom (phonop) upholds legitimate rights, freedom, and sea use is recognized in international law by challenging excessive Indian maritime claims,” said Fleet 7 of the US in a statement on April 7.
USS said John Paul Jones, a destroyer of the Arleigh Burke-Class guide missile, confirmed the rights of navigation and freedom of around 130 nautical miles west of the Lakshadweep Islands.
The 7th fleet is the largest of the US Navy’s advanced fleet. The US has sent elements from the 7th fleet to Bengal Bay to pressure India during the 1971 War with Pakistan which ended with the release of Bangladesh.
Each coastal country EEZ extends to 200 miles of sea (370km) from the beach and the country in question has exclusive rights for all resources in water, including oil, natural gas and fish. Every military activity in Eez requires Indian permits, naval officials who are familiar with the problem, asking not to be named.
“If you have to do anything in our EEZ, you have to tell us and take permission,” said Head of Area Admiral Singh in 2019 after a Chinese ship that had been disturbed into Indian waters near the Andaman and Nicobar Islands was rejected.
There is no official reaction from the Navy or the external ministry when this report is submitted.
“US forces operate in the Indo-Pacific region every day.
All operations are designed in accordance with international law and show that the United States will fly, sail and operate wherever international law allows,” said the 7th fleet statement.
“We do routine and regular phonopes, as we have done in the past and will continue in the future. Phonop is not about one country, it is also not about making political statements,” he added. The US Navy regularly performs phonopes in the southern China Sea.
“Fon ops by USN ship (ineffective because they might be) in the South China Sea, intended to deliver messages to China that Putatif Eez around the artificial SCS islands is” excessive maritime claims. “But what is the 7th fleet message for India?” Former Admiral Naval Chief Arun Prakash (REPD) said in Tweet on Friday.
He said with another tweet, “there was an irony here.
While India ratified the United Nations Law in 1995, the US has failed to do so far. For the 7th fleet to carry out fon missions in India Eez which violates our domestic law is quite bad. But publish it? USN Please activate IFF (friend-or-foe identification)! ”
Developments came when the Indian and US navy had just concluded multilateral exercises in the East Indian Ocean region (IOR). France, India, USA, Japan and Australia conducted complex maritime exercises in the East Ior to increase interoperability between their navies from April 5 to April 7.
On April 7, the US Navy said in another statement that USS John Paul Jones confirmed the rights of navigation and freedom around the Maldives by doing “innocent parts” in his EEZ without seeking previous permits. It is said this consistent with international law.
The US Department of Defense (DOD) released the annual report on the freedom of navigation (FON) in 2020 on March 10, 2021. These reports identified various excessive maritime claims that were challenged by the US government. “This year … US troops challenged 28 different maritime claims made by 19 different prosecutors throughout the world,” said the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in a statement on March 16.
DOD Operational Challenges, Also known as Fonops, designed to challenge coastal state maritime claims that illegally limit the navigation and overflight rights and freedom and other legitimate sea use related to this freedom guaranteed in international law as reflected in international law as possible reflected in the international law of the marine convention, the statement was added.