Covid-19 in children: How to identify symptoms early on and tackle them

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According to the Ministry of Health, there are several characteristics of viruses in children that their guardians must look for.

A majority of the children who contract Covid-19 may be asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic.
A majority of the children who contract Covid-19 may be asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic.

For parents worry not to detect the symptoms of coronavirus (Covid-19) in their children in the early stages, the Ministry of Health Union has released a set of guidelines. As a symptom of Covid-19 in children often lightly, they are initially not detected, which produce a more severe cough, fever, or shortness of breath, in some cases.

According to the Ministry of Health, there are several characteristics of viruses in children that their guardians must look for.

Symptoms to track

Although the majority of children who contract viruses may be without symptoms or rather symptomatic, fever, coughing, shortness of breath, fatigue, mialgia, rhinorea, sore throat, diarrhea, smell loss, loss of flavors are common symptoms. Some children may also have a gastrointestinal problem, the ministry said.

A new syndrome called multi-system inflammatory syndrome has been observed in children. This syndrome is characterized by fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, and cardiovascular and neurological problems.

In terms of children do not show symptoms

If a child tests a positive virus but does not show symptoms, there is a need to continue to trace their health for the development of symptoms. Early detection Symptoms will lead to early care, say health experts. Meanwhile, if children have mild symptoms such as sore throat, coughing and renovation but no difficulty breathing, they can be taken care of at home, the ministry said.

Hildren with underlying comorbidity conditions including congenital heart disease, chronic lung disease, dysfunction or obese chronic organs can also be treated at home.

Treatment of Covid-19 Light Cases in Children

To treat fever in children, paracetamol (10-15mg) can be used every 4 to 6 hours. For coughing, gargling with warm salt water will help, the Ministry of Health said. Liquid intake and nutritious diet is mandatory.

The ministry also clarified the role of antivirus drugs in the treatment of Covid-19 in children. “There is no role of hydroxyichloroquine, favipiravir, ipermectin, iopinavir / ritonavir, remdesivir, umifenovir, immunomodulators including tovilizumab, interferon b1a, plasma infusion recovering or dexamethosone,” read.

It is important to maintain a monitoring chart for the respiratory level and oxygen levels. This must be checked 2-3 times a day. Chest Indrawing, body color changes, urine output, fluid intake and activity level must also be monitored, especially in small children. Parents must contact a doctor if they see something extraordinary.

Treatment of moderate cases of Covid-19 in children

If the respiratory rate below 60 per minute in children less than two months, below 50 per minute for children less than one year, under 40 per minute for children up to five years to under 30 per minute for them Old in five years, they may suffer from a moderate Covid-19 case. The level of oxygen saturation in all this age group must be above 90%.

There are no ordinary lab tests needed unless children have comorbid conditions and these conditions demand regular tests. But there is a need for children with moderate covid-19 to be treated at a covid health center that is dedicated and monitored for clinical progress. In this case, there is a need to encourage oral feed (breast feed in infants) and maintenance of liquid and electrolyte balances. Intravenous fluid therapy must begin if oral intake is bad, the ministry said.

Severe Covid-19 Case Care in Children

Children with severe levels of Covid-19 SPO2 (oxygen saturation) less than 90% and snort, severe retraction of the chest, lethargy, somnolence, seizures are some of the severe symptoms of Covid-19. These children must be accepted at Covid-19 health facilities who are dedicated and some of them may require HTU / ICU care. They must also be checked for thrombosis, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and organ failure.

Complete blood count, liver and kidney function tests and chest x-rays are required for these cases. Corticosteroids (0.15 mg per dose) twice a day or antivirus drugs (such as remedies given for emergency use authorization) must be used limited after three days of symptoms and after ensuring that the child’s liver and kidney function is normal. ,

The second wave of Covid-19 in this country has destroyed a health care system. So far, more than 24,372,907 people have been infected and 266,207 have lost their lives due to viruses. The state vaccination program also faces problems with deficiency because only two vaccine producers struggle to follow demand. In the midst of a shortage of vaccines reported from all countries for adults, Indian drug regulators on May 13 gave Bharat Biotech permit to conduct covaxin clinical trials in children between ages 2 and 18. It will be the first coronavirus inoculation to be tested underage in this country.

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