Sputnik V gets experts’ nod in India. All you need to know about the vaccine

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Vaksin Sputnik V Covid-19 Russia was recommended for emergency use in India by the National Narcotics Authority Subject Expert Committee. If approved by the drug controller General India, Sputnik V will be the third Covid-19 vaccine available in this country

A medical worker holds a vial of Russia's Sputnik V vaccine for Covid-19.
A medical worker holds a vial of Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine for Covid-19.

Russia Sputnik V, the first Covid-19 vaccine to receive regulatory approval from any country in the world, has now received recommendations for emergency use in India against deadly coronavirus diseases. Vaccines, were first approved in Russia on August 11 last year, on Monday it was recommended for emergency use in India by the Committee of the Subject Expert (SEC) drugstore drug standard drugstore drug (CDSCO). General Indian drug controller (DCGI) will receive a last call on recommendations, and if approved, the Russian vaccine will be the third Covid-19 vaccine available in India.

This is all you need to know about the ‘Sputnik V vaccine’:

Why is the vaccine named Sputnik V?

Sputnik V vaccine is named after Sputnik 1, the first artificial earth satellite in the world, launched by the first Soviet Union on October 4, 1957. The word “sputnik” is Russia for satellites when interpreted in the context of astronomy and its other meaning is a partner or friend travel. “V” in the name is the letter V and stands for “vaccine”, and not a Roman number for five people.

Who develops Sputnik Vacine V?

This vaccine was developed by Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, a medical research institute headquartered in Moscow. Vaccine development is supported by Russian direct investment funds (RIDF) and registered by the Russian Ministry of Health as GAM-Covid-VAC. In India, this vaccine is marketed by the Laboratory of Dr. Reddy, which has helped run a small trial for drugs in this country to test their safety and ability to produce immune responses, according to Reuters.

How do Sputnik Vacine V:

Sputnik V is a vector vaccine for adenovirus virus. It uses a modified virus that cannot replicate and vice versa entered with the SARS-COV-2 surge protein, to obtain the immune response in the body. According to the Ministry of Health Russia, what makes this vaccine unique is, unlike other similar vector-based vaccines, Sputnik V is ‘two vector vaccines’, which means using two different types of adenovirus vectors – RAD26 for first shots, and RAD5 for the second – To increase efficiency. Two vaccine shots were given to the patient Covid-19 three weeks apart.

Why did Sputnik V initially faced criticism?

Sputnik V delivered controversy when Russia became the first country to provide IT regulatory approval last year, when no pharmaceutical companies working on potential Covid-19 vaccines in the United States and Europe have completed all stages of their clinical trials. ‘Vaccine race’, no different from the Race Space War Cold, is being observed by global supervisors with lots of interests, and competition to have the first vaccine very much about the same international competition as about science.

Russia, it turns out, could not enjoy “sputnik moments”, unlike admiration and the miracle of the Soviet Union’s first satellite launch, with the same name, in 1957. Instead, it was filled with doubts. About science and safety. The leading science journal was deposited by discussions in the community about how, if at all, the decision for approval was justified, because the clinical test of phase-i for vaccines had begun on June 17 and the final stage was reported to be less than two months, on August 2.

The process usually takes several months again, the report is recorded.

US-advanced disease specialist Dr. Anthony Fauci continues the record to say, “I hope the Chinese and Russians really test the vaccine before they give a vaccine to anyone. Because claims have vaccines ready to be distributed before you do testing. Troubled, at least. ”

However, speculation was fulfilled on February 2, 2021, when a temporary analysis of the trial was published in the medical Journal Lancet, showing 91.6% efficacy without unusual side effects.

What’s next for Sputnik v?

The ‘Sputnik V’ vaccine has been approved for use and distribution of masses in more than 50 countries including Argentina, Belarus, Hungary, United Arab Emirates and Serbia, in addition to Russia, according to PTI reports. Direct Russian investment fund has signed a contract to produce more than 750 million doses of Sputnik V with six domestic companies in India, where the second second wave of Coronavirus runs high amid increasing vaccine demands. Most of the panel recommendations are generally accepted by the regulator’s head, said Reuters, and once approved, the vaccine will join another shot from Astrazeneca-Oxford University and Bharat Biotech on the country’s national inoculation drive.

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